Infection Control News: March 25-29, 2019Apr012019

Zika. The US CDC downgraded its travel restriction guidelines for pregnant women. Zika transmission has dropped in 88 countries. According to the CDC, the only country pregnant women should avoid traveling to is India. NewsCDC zika webpage

The Interior Health Authority has confirmed a new case of measles in 100 Mile House, B.C., nearly two weeks after a previous case of the infection was discovered in the southern Interior community. News.

Chickenpox. Some parents are still choosing to expose children to the chickenpox with an infection party instead of vaccinate their kids. Some experts warns it is a terrible idea as it can cause death and increase risk of getting shingles later on in life. News.

Mozambique – WHO says it is expecting a “spike” in malaria cases after a devastating cyclone. The widespread flooding caused by Cyclone Idai has left large bodies of standing water where malaria-carrying mosquitoes can breed. News.

An 18-year-old woman died on Saturday after contracting a meningitis, prompting Montreal health officials to issue a public warning. News.

What you need to know about recent salmonella outbreaks in Canada. News.

Ebola. Congo’s Ebola epidemic has now exceeded 1,000 cases, the Health Ministry said on Monday, with a death toll of 629 in the world’s second worst ever outbreak. News.

A Montreal pediatrician explains rare strain of meningitis. Video.

Jane Stanton’s life changed after she contracted measles. She even said that it makes her life hell. Now she is calling for people to take-up all available vaccines. Watch also how experts plan to update their campaigns to counter their messages. Vidéo.

Access to soap & water in humanitarian emergencies is limited. According to a research, a wash cloth made from antimicrobial microfiber were more effective than soap & water at removing nonpathogenic E. coli bacteria from hands. Study.

Various studies have shown that many C. difficile cases classified as HAIs are not. In fact, many were colonized on admission. If many cases of CDI are currently classified in IAS, this would have important implications for infection control. Study.

A study published in JAMA Psychiatry, suggests that some infections in childhood could lead to the development of mental illness later in life. Study.

One out of four people interviewed in eastern Congo last year believed Ebola wasn’t real, according to a new study, underscoring the enormous challenges health care workers are facing in what has become the second-deadliest outbreak in history. News.

A recall has been added to the CFIA’s Food Recall Report. Reason for Recall:  Salmonella. Product: Lee’s Tea brand Teas. Recalling Firm: Lee’s Provisions Inc. Distribution: National  Report.

Mozambique cholera cases jump to 139 a day after outbreak. News.

US begins organ transplants from living donors who have HIV.  News.

A large increase in cholera activity has been under way in Yemen since 2019. The outbreak comes 2 yrs after the country experienced the world’s largest cholera outbreak ever. Nearly 109,000 cases of watery diarrhea and suspected cholera have been reported. News.

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Influenza H3 – US CDC Health AdvisoryApr012019

Dear Colleagues –
 
The US CDC‎ has issued an official health advisory through their health alert notice (HAN) related to the late-season increase in H3N2 that they are also experiencing, see: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/han00419.asp 
 
Note that vaccine effectiveness (VE) against H3N2 viruses is less than 40% on average, including among working age adults. We have highlighted that low H3 VE‎ this season as reported earlier from Europe (see page 13 of our weekly surveillance bulletin, another of which was issued yesterday). FYI, interim findings from Canada are also consistent with low H3 VE this season. 
 
In that context, note that the US CDC is reinforcing early empiric antiviral treatment for those with suspect or confirmed influenza and this is particularly important for those at high risk of serious influenza A(H3N2) complications, notably elderly adults.
 
Please share this message as appropriate with your colleagues.
 
Best wishes,
Danuta Skowronski MD, FRCPC

Epidemiology Lead

Influenza & Emerging Respiratory Pathogens

BC Centre for Disease Control

Ph: 604-707-2511

Fx: 604-707-2516
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Infection Control News: March 18-22, 2019Mar252019

Canadian experts say prolonged antibiotic treatment for Lyme disease ‘harmful’. News

Children’s noses ‘hold clues’ to serious lung infections. News

Drug-resistant superbugs may have found a new foe in the Irish soil. News

Nearly four in 10 US HIV infections from people unaware of infection. News

Being in outer space can have some odd effects on the body, including triggering dormant herpes viruses to reawaken, according to a recent review study. News

Pacemaker envelope cuts post-surgery infection by 40 percent: Cleveland Clinic study. News

Ukraine measles outbreak tops 30,000 cases year to date. News

Alberta father of boys with weak immune systems pushes for measles vaccinations. News

Pakistan pilots hepatitis C therapy in bid to wipe out silent epidemic. News

Vaxart Commences Bivalent Norovirus Vaccine Phase 1b Clinical Trial. News

The World Health Organization says Ebola has spiked in Congo in recent days because of “increased security challenges. News.

Poverty, deprivation driving up TB rates among Manitoba First Nations. News.

A recall has been added to the CFIA’s Food Recall Report. Reason for Recall:  Salmonella. Product: Janes brand Pub Style Chicken Nuggets. Recalling Firm: Sofina Foods Inc. Distribution: National. Report.

After waiting an extra month to decide on the H3N2 strain, WHO vaccine advisors today finalized their recommendations on strains to include in the Northern Hemisphere 2019-20 flu vaccines. Report.

Why we are all complicit in the rise of the anti-vaxxers. News 

B.C. launches measles immunization catch-up program. The program will run from April to June with the goal of reaching a 95 per cent immunization rate province-wide. News 

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Infection Control News: March 11-15, 2019Mar182019

A mother died of acquired infection (Strep A) in hospital during the postpartum period.  The hospital experienced an Strep A outbreak. News. Learn more about the complicated factors that contribute to the GAS after delivery. Study.

Ebola; Seroprevalence in central Africa. An international team of researchers, hoping to get a better handle on serologic prevalence of Ebola and the geographic range of hemorrhagic fever viruses.Study.

Bacteria ‘trap’ could help slow down antibiotic resistance. News 

A New Discovery Upends What We Know About Viruses: A plant virus distributes its genes into eight separate segments that can all reproduce, even if they infect different cells. News

Vancouver health officials say there’s no shortage of measles vaccine and urge people to get immunized. News.

What dog owners need to know about brucellosis after recent cases in Ontario: The infection can be spread to humans. News.

Audio. Last week, Facebook announced it would lower its search rankings of groups and pages that promote anti-vaccination content. In this audio, CBC explore how social media is being leveraged to sow doubt about the safety of vaccinations, and how it’s creating a hesitancy to vaccinate that threatens us all. Audio.

Tunisia. 12 infants die of hospital-acquired infection. Severe blood infections from tube feedings likely killed the premature babies, the Tunisian Society of Pediatrics said in a statement. News.

DRC reports 2 new Ebola cases. The cases lift the outbreak total to 927, which includes 862 confirmed and 65 probable cases. No new deaths were reported, keeping the fatality count at 584.News.

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