Infection Control News: Aug 27-31, 2018Sep012018

Measles reported at New Westminster outdoor pool. News

Advice on how to make wellness a priority while flying. News

Scabies outbreak contained at two health-care facilities. News.

Read this Canadian Case Study about Scabies outbreak in CJIC. p 133-141: Study

Why does Europe suddenly have measles? News

Section 3 and 4 have been added to CDC’s FREE online antibiotic stewardship training course. Visit the Continuing Education and Informational Resources for more information on this course and others. Online education

Bat bite prompts rabies warning in central Ontario: A woman was bitten by a rabid bat in her home in Kawartha Lakes, about 345 kilometres southwest of Ottawa. News

Beware Canadian travellers if you planning to visit southern part of U.S. You may encounter the deadly kissing bug. This insect carries Chagas and it bites your face and around your mouth at night. News

HPV & Hep B vaccine will switch to 2 doses in Gr. 6. Change will take effect in 19-20 school yr in Alberta. The province says the timing change aligns with a number of jurisdictions in Canada that have already adopted a two-dose schedule for both vaccines. News

Study: Impact of a dementia care program in Hospitals and Hospital-Acquired Complications. 1st outcome of a Dementia Care Program is the reduction in UTI, pressure injuries, pneumonia and delirium. 2nd outcome included patient quality of life. Study

This review highlights the challenges that influenza viruses pose for vaccine design.  It considers the benefits that have been achieved with vaccines against other infectious diseases, as well as the barriers to achieving similar success against influenza. Study

September is Sepsis Awareness Month. Get more information on what could be done to prevent sepsis at Patient Safety Institute. and at the CDC. Other information/education material

From Contagionlive.com: New or Upcoming Treatment Options for MDR Bacteria. Find more about the recently approved agents and agents in late stage development for multidrug-resistant bacteria and their potential role in treatment. Information

AJIC: Changes in knowledge & attitudes of hospital environmental services staff: The REACH study. Results indicate staff have knowledge & understand the importance of their role. They perceived lack of support, feedback, & investment in cleaning resources. Study.

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Infection Control News: Aug 20-24, 2018Aug272018

From Globalnews: Can you die from a dog lick? Veterinarian Dr. Ted Morris talks about a rare and potentially deadly bacterial infection that can come from a dog or cat lick. Video.

Europe sees sharp rise in measles: 41,000 cases, 37 deaths. News

Pregnancy planning for HIV-positive patients. For pregnant women, the chance of transmitting the HIV to the baby is nearly zero. Absolute zero could be achieved if the patient is under antiretroviral therapy before pregnancy and if viral load remains low. News

What is PANDAS? It’s a rapid onset of obs.-compulsive disorder caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus. It cause an initial autoimmune reaction producing a-bodies that interfere with basal ganglia function. Health information. Family testimony

Women should avoid performing animal birthing and breeding activities during pregnancy and also should not handle dogs giving birth or their newborn puppies. See why here. News

Today is…world mosquito day. Find 5 of the deadliest diseases spread by mosquitoes. News.  

Hospital patients who acquire candidemia—a blood infection caused by the fungus Candida that has a high mortality rate—have a 1 in 10 risk of also having Clostridium difficile. Study

For the 2nd wk, CDC has confirmed 4 cases of variant H1N2 flu. The only other variant reported this yr was a H3N2v. The new cases involved exposure to swine at a fairs. Early identification of novel flu viruses are critical so PH measures can be taken. Report

From CIDRAP: 13 health workers infected in DRC Ebola outbreak. Health workers were one of the main factors in the rapid spread of the disease during the 2013-2016 outbreak in West Africa. News

Improperly sterilized medical equipment at London clinics prompts call for HIV and Hepatitis testing. News

Boil water notice issued for Cornwallis Park. A boil water advisory has been issued for the Cornwallis Park area Tuesday after E. coli was detected in a water sample. About 300 water customers are affected. News

West Nile Virus found in Chatham-Kent and Windsor-Essex mosquitoes again. This is the third time this month traps across the municipality have tested positive. News

Gut bug enzyme turns blood into type-O. The discovery is enzymes from gut bacteria that can efficiently turn type-A human blood into type-O.
Type-O blood is special because it can be donated to anyone without the risk of a bad mismatch reaction. News

Nouvelle en français: Le scorbut, de retour dans les pays industrialisés. News

Nova Scotia reminds parents to get children vaccinated. News

Scientists have detected West Nile virus in two birds in B.C.’s interior, marking the first time the pathogen has been detected in the province this year. News

Congo approves 4 more experimental treatments as Ebola battle continues. News

Three keys to infection protection. News

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Infection Control News: Aug 13-17, 2018Aug172018

The economic cost of antimicrobial resistance per antibiotic consumed: Scientists estimate the economic cost of 5 resistant bacteria to be 0.5B$ in Thailand and 2.9B$ in US. Study

10 ways to control infection in pediatric ambulatory setting. Read more Watch more

New HIV diagnoses in Sask. increase for 3rd straight year.  News

Travellers warned after teen with measles goes through Vancouver airport. News

More than 1,200 infected with measles in Brazil; 6 dead. News

Scientists think cytomegalovirus could lead to heart disease. News

Infections from a dog lick are a risk but very rare. Experts say get medical help fast. News

CDC lauched The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak Graphic Novel. CDC, in an innovative way, want to reach younger audiences. It is not just about infectious diseases and flu. Website

Interpreting research evidence: a key skill for IPC, August 16th. Free Webber training. Webinar

Ebola outbreak in Congo includes 39 confirmed and 27 probable cases. Lab testing results have brought the suspected number of cases down to 36 from 58. News

Papua New Guinea record the fourth case of polio in an ongoing vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 outbreak. The disease was absent from the island since 2000. Health officials are investigating 65 suspected cases. Report

Emergence of Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae, South-Central Ontario, Canada. Researchers suggest that because for a substantial proportion of patients, CPE acquisition is from Canada. Study

MERS-Cov Study. The aim was to describe direct & indirect contact with dromedaries among cases between 2015-18, & then separately for primary, non-primary, and unclassified cases. more detail about the type of contact in this study.

CFIA’s Food Recall Report. Reason for Recall: Listeria monocytogenes. Product: Randsland brand Broccoli Slaw. Recalling Firm: Randsland Farms Inc.  Distribution: Nova Scotia. Report

In Clinical infectious diseases: Acquisition of MRSA during hospitalization could increases the risk of subsequent infection after discharge. Study

 

 

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Infection Control News: Aug 6-10, 2018Aug102018

In JIP: study evaluated the cost & value of multidisciplinary team to investigate C. difficile cases. Cost was evaluated to be between 42K$ – 84K$ over 2 yrs. Study concluded that those meeting bring limited value in additional learning/quality improvement. Study

Congo health officials link Ebola to 33 deaths. News

Inuk woman ‘begging and pleading’ for help fighting tuberculosis in Nunavut. News

1 in 7 children of Zika-infected moms in U.S. suffer birth defects or other health problems. News

China orders recall from overseas as vaccine scandal churns. News

The Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health uploaded information on their website. 30 new MERS-COv case were detected. 11 cases are from Najran and were detected in late May and early June. 9 cases were recorded in July. Info

Increase in Echovirus 30 in Europe. E30 is a virus that causes aseptic meningitis outbreaks. Outbreaks occur every 5-6 yr. The transmission route of current infections is unknown. However, they usually transmit through faecal-oral or oral-oral routes. Event

From CIDRAP: Hospital MERS outbreak threat. WHO said the epidemiology of the virus hasn’t changed, but concerns persist about ongoing hospital-related outbreaks. The virus is found in 4 countries: Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates and Malaysia. News

Flu activity in southern hemisphere: flu remained elevated in South America & started to decrease in Southern Africa. It remained below seasonal threshold in Australia and New Zealand. Activity appeared to decrease in some countries of tropical America. WHO flu report

Flu vaccine: A study used 17 yrs of data to determine that a close match occurs only 11% to 21% of the time, depending on the strain and vaccine. Study

From CBC: Winnipeg experiencing unparalleled spike in infectious syphilis rates. News

From Hamilton Spectator: What you need to know about hand foot, mouth disease. News

From Hamilton Spectator: West Nile virus ‘well established’ in Niagara. West Nile virus is a risk across the peninsula, not just in Pelham. News

In Globalnews.ca: Should you refrain from drinking out of an aluminum can?

Bacteria and other germs are present on the rim of a can…but it should not refrain you to drink out of aluminium can. News

A new case of ceftriaxone-resistant gonorrhea has been found in Alberta. This is the 2nd reported case in Canada since 2017. The CGSTI recommend gentamicin IV or IM with azithromycin PO.
Clinical information about first case here. Recommended treatment here

1 in 7 children > 1 yrs that were born from women with confirmed or potential Zika infection during pregnancy were identified as having a birth defect, neurodevelopment abnormality, or both. Some of these issues were not noticeable at birth. Study

From a retrospective study (2008-2011). a relationship exist between colonization of the gut with ESBLE (extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae) and subsequent VAP related to ESBLE. Study

From International Journal of Epidemiology, a study from Manitoba has found no clinically significant association between early life antibiotics exposure & the risk of autism. Study

What is mathematical modelling and how it could help in preventing infection? Video

Management of chronic hepatitis C: 2018 guideline update from the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver. Guideline

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