Infection Control News: March 11-15, 2019Mar182019

A mother died of acquired infection (Strep A) in hospital during the postpartum period.  The hospital experienced an Strep A outbreak. News. Learn more about the complicated factors that contribute to the GAS after delivery. Study.

Ebola; Seroprevalence in central Africa. An international team of researchers, hoping to get a better handle on serologic prevalence of Ebola and the geographic range of hemorrhagic fever viruses.Study.

Bacteria ‘trap’ could help slow down antibiotic resistance. News 

A New Discovery Upends What We Know About Viruses: A plant virus distributes its genes into eight separate segments that can all reproduce, even if they infect different cells. News

Vancouver health officials say there’s no shortage of measles vaccine and urge people to get immunized. News.

What dog owners need to know about brucellosis after recent cases in Ontario: The infection can be spread to humans. News.

Audio. Last week, Facebook announced it would lower its search rankings of groups and pages that promote anti-vaccination content. In this audio, CBC explore how social media is being leveraged to sow doubt about the safety of vaccinations, and how it’s creating a hesitancy to vaccinate that threatens us all. Audio.

Tunisia. 12 infants die of hospital-acquired infection. Severe blood infections from tube feedings likely killed the premature babies, the Tunisian Society of Pediatrics said in a statement. News.

DRC reports 2 new Ebola cases. The cases lift the outbreak total to 927, which includes 862 confirmed and 65 probable cases. No new deaths were reported, keeping the fatality count at 584.News.

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Infection Control News: March 4-8, 2019Mar112019

Measles

UNICEF warned of a resurgence of measles in the world, noting that ten countries, including Brazil, Ukraine and France, were responsible for about three quarters of the total increase in cases in 2018. News.

Fraser Health confirms new case of measles in Metro Vancouver area, bringing total to 17. News.

The N.W.T.’s chief public health officer has declared a measles outbreak in Inuvik, according to a Wednesday press release. News.

How much does a measles outbreak cost when 10 healthcare workers are involved? Study.

Ebola

The DRC health ministry reported three new cases. The latest confirmed cases lift the outbreak total to 888. Communique.

Traditional African healers may be adding to Ebola problems. News.

New Brunswick. An outbreak of whooping cough has been declared at Moncton High School. News.

Ebola. Attacks may worsen Ebola epidemic in Congo, officials warn. Re-infections could happen in places where the outbreak was brought under control, WHO warns. News.

 

A London man appears to be free of the AIDS virus after a stem cell transplant, the second success including the “Berlin patient,” doctors reported. News.

A massive study undertaking in Denmark demonstrates no connection between the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism. The study was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Study.

The Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health recorded 4 more cases of MERS-CoV, including 1 case in a large hospital-based outbreak. Update.

For the 4th consecutive week, Nigeria has reported declining case counts in an ongoing Lassa fever outbreak. Despite the progress, 23 cases and 6 deaths were reported in the most recent week recorded. WHO report

Zika. A study confirms the Zika-microcephaly link, finding that women infected with Zika during the early stages of pregnancy are 17 times more likely to have a child with the condition compared with uninfected pregnant women. Study.

The practice of feeding dogs a raw meat-based diet is on the rise. Is it possible that the risk of transferring harmful bacteria to the owner is increased as well? Look for answers in this study from BMJ. Study.

The PHAC originally developed the Marburg vaccine. It is now up to the US Department of Health and Human Services to partner with Public Health Vaccines LLC to develop a vaccine. The virus is a potential bioterrorism threat according to Homeland Security. Press release.

WHO has outlined several reforms aimed at modernizing and strengthening its role as a world leader in public health. News.

Tuberculosis rates in the North are 290 times those in the rest of Canada. News.

Madagascar. At least 922 people – mostly children – have died of measles since October 2018, despite an emergency program that has vaccinated 2.2M of the 26M population so far. Now, parents trudge for miles to vaccinate their kids against it. News.

USA. An unvaccinated boy contracted Oregon’s first tetanus case in about 30 years. It cost over $800,000. Read this to learn how a simple vaccine could prevent a lot of complications. News.

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Infection Control News: February 25-March 1, 2019Mar042019

Another two measles cases have been reported by Vancouver Coastal Health. News.

How does herd immunity work? A Video from CBC.

YouTube will no longer serve ads on channels that espouse anti-vaccination rhetoric. News.

Bacterial pneumonia was implicated in 43% of all community-based, unexpected infectious disease deaths during a recent 2-yr study in Ont. The most common pathogen identified was S. aureus in 50% of cases. Study.

The DRC health ministry reported a new Ebola case in Beni, coming just 2 days after the former outbreak epicenter had reached the mark of going a full 21-day incubation period without new illness. News.

From Global News; What to do when antibiotics fail? One possible treatment comes from century ago. News.

WINNIPEG—At least 10 infants have been treated for syphilis in Manitoba in the last six months, and the public health office says the methamphetamine crisis could be exacerbating the outbreak. News.  

A St-Louis hospital made 2 changes to reduces urine culture ordered. Their changes led to a 45% reduction in urine cultures without missing any UTIs. Study.

What you need to know about measles in the wake of the latest outbreak in B.C. News.

B.C. doctors are cracking down on some Naturopaths who falsely claim that vaccines contain mercury that can contribute to autism. News.

The recent measles outbreak is prompting the NDP government to move towards mandatory registration of vaccination status for all B.C. schoolchildren. News.

Last year, Thunder Bay experienced a small outbreak of tuberculosis. It’s one of the reasons Doctors Without Borders is hosting a panel discussion about the disease in the city. News.

An ad campaign from a group of open vaccine skeptics represents a “very concerning” development in the ongoing fight against misinformation, Ontario’s health minister said Wednesday. News.

Ebola medical centre attacked in Congo for 2nd time in week. News.

A bacillus has proved fatal to several types of parasitic nematodes, aka roundworm. These parasites affect humans, pets & livestock and some can lead to major losses of crops. Treatments already exist but roundworms are starting to become resistant. News.

A recall has been added to the CFIA’s Food Recall Report.Reason for Recall: Salmonella. Product: Compliments brand Chicken Nuggets. Recalling Firm: Sofina Foods Inc. Distribution : National excluding Quebec. Report.

A recall has been added to the CFIA’s Food Recall Report. Reason for Recall: Clostridium botulinum. Product: Boffo’s brand Applewood Smoked Rainbow Trout. Recalling Firm: Boffo’s. Distribution : Ontario. Report.

At least 4  homeopaths from B.C. advertised a process known as homeoprophylaxis on their websites, suggesting it can protect children from illness as serious as smallpox, cholera and polio. News.

Health experts, Facebook and YouTube play catch-up with anti-vaxxers. News.

Officials see no link between miscarriage risk and flu shots. News.

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Infection Control News: February 11-15, 2019Feb192019

In ICU rooms, ARO (especially CPE) are 4 times more prevalent in sinks located next to toilets than in sinks located farther away, according to  a study published in the AJIC. Study.

Use of laxative 24h to 48h before testing for C.diff is common, particularly in surgical and ICU patient. Stool testing cannot distinguish C. diff infection from asymptomatic colonisation. There is an opportunity for quality improvement. Study

Mexican researchers may have found possible cure for Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). News

The Public Health Agency of Canada says at least 30 Canadians who had surgery at a clinic in Tijuana, Mexico are at risk of potentially deadly infection.News. Information from PHAC.

Hand hygiene compliance among EMS providers (in Australia, Denmark, Finland & Sweden) is remarkably low with a 3% compliance before patient contact & 2% before clean/aseptic procedures. Study.

The NICU at the IWK Health Centre in Halifax may have set a record. They celebrate a year and a week without having a case of central line-associated bloodstream infection. News.

When is your cold most contagious? If you get to the office and notice your throat is a bit sore, it may be time to head home. Learn more in this Global News article. News.

U.S. teens are defying parents to get vaccines. Here are the rules in Canada. News

Health experts are warning that Canada could face a measles outbreaks because of the highly contagious nature of the disease & our own low vaccination rates. Canadians have become dangerously complacent about getting their children vaccinated. News.

Measles cases in Vancouver:

Health officials have confirmed a case of measles in the Vancouver area. News.

A second case of measles has been confirmed in Vancouver. The infected person is a minor and caught the disease locally, whereas the first case was acquired abroad. News.

Health officials confirm ‘several’ cases of measles at Vancouver schools. News.

Vancouver measles scare puts spotlight on low vaccination rates at many local schools. News

One day after Vancouver health officials warned of another case of measles, an online petition is urging mandatory vaccinations for all children in public schools. News.

Summary of Ebola and MERS Co-v Outbreaks:
Ebola: 16 more confirmed Ebola cases in DRC. Bring the outbreak total to 816 cases. Report.
MERS Co-V: Saudi Arabia recorded 10 more cases. Bring 2019 totals to at least 50 cases. Report.

Yellow fever in Brazil: In December & January there was 36 cases including 8 deaths Virus could spread across the country WHO said in areas with low population immunity. News.

Lassa fever: 1st case confirmed in Guinea. WHO weekly bulletin .

There is an ongoing Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria. Nigeria confirms 275 cases of Lassa fever & 19 of the 36 states are affected by this outbreak. Report.

A friendly competition lead to increase hand hygiene compliance significantly. Find more in this study. Study.

A recall has been added to the CFIA’s Food Recall Report. Reason for Recall: Clostridium botulinum. Products: Vivi and Tom Baby Food brand baby and toddler foods. Recalling Firm: Vivi and Tom Baby Food. Distribution: Ontario. Recall notice .

Flu vaccine. Vaccine effectiveness in US is 47% compared to the 72% effectiveness for the same vaccine in Canada. Find more here. News.

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