Infection Control News: February 25-March 1, 2019Mar042019

Another two measles cases have been reported by Vancouver Coastal Health. News.

How does herd immunity work? A Video from CBC.

YouTube will no longer serve ads on channels that espouse anti-vaccination rhetoric. News.

Bacterial pneumonia was implicated in 43% of all community-based, unexpected infectious disease deaths during a recent 2-yr study in Ont. The most common pathogen identified was S. aureus in 50% of cases. Study.

The DRC health ministry reported a new Ebola case in Beni, coming just 2 days after the former outbreak epicenter had reached the mark of going a full 21-day incubation period without new illness. News.

From Global News; What to do when antibiotics fail? One possible treatment comes from century ago. News.

WINNIPEG—At least 10 infants have been treated for syphilis in Manitoba in the last six months, and the public health office says the methamphetamine crisis could be exacerbating the outbreak. News.  

A St-Louis hospital made 2 changes to reduces urine culture ordered. Their changes led to a 45% reduction in urine cultures without missing any UTIs. Study.

What you need to know about measles in the wake of the latest outbreak in B.C. News.

B.C. doctors are cracking down on some Naturopaths who falsely claim that vaccines contain mercury that can contribute to autism. News.

The recent measles outbreak is prompting the NDP government to move towards mandatory registration of vaccination status for all B.C. schoolchildren. News.

Last year, Thunder Bay experienced a small outbreak of tuberculosis. It’s one of the reasons Doctors Without Borders is hosting a panel discussion about the disease in the city. News.

An ad campaign from a group of open vaccine skeptics represents a “very concerning” development in the ongoing fight against misinformation, Ontario’s health minister said Wednesday. News.

Ebola medical centre attacked in Congo for 2nd time in week. News.

A bacillus has proved fatal to several types of parasitic nematodes, aka roundworm. These parasites affect humans, pets & livestock and some can lead to major losses of crops. Treatments already exist but roundworms are starting to become resistant. News.

A recall has been added to the CFIA’s Food Recall Report.Reason for Recall: Salmonella. Product: Compliments brand Chicken Nuggets. Recalling Firm: Sofina Foods Inc. Distribution : National excluding Quebec. Report.

A recall has been added to the CFIA’s Food Recall Report. Reason for Recall: Clostridium botulinum. Product: Boffo’s brand Applewood Smoked Rainbow Trout. Recalling Firm: Boffo’s. Distribution : Ontario. Report.

At least 4  homeopaths from B.C. advertised a process known as homeoprophylaxis on their websites, suggesting it can protect children from illness as serious as smallpox, cholera and polio. News.

Health experts, Facebook and YouTube play catch-up with anti-vaxxers. News.

Officials see no link between miscarriage risk and flu shots. News.

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Infection Control News: February 11-15, 2019Feb192019

In ICU rooms, ARO (especially CPE) are 4 times more prevalent in sinks located next to toilets than in sinks located farther away, according to  a study published in the AJIC. Study.

Use of laxative 24h to 48h before testing for C.diff is common, particularly in surgical and ICU patient. Stool testing cannot distinguish C. diff infection from asymptomatic colonisation. There is an opportunity for quality improvement. Study

Mexican researchers may have found possible cure for Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). News

The Public Health Agency of Canada says at least 30 Canadians who had surgery at a clinic in Tijuana, Mexico are at risk of potentially deadly infection.News. Information from PHAC.

Hand hygiene compliance among EMS providers (in Australia, Denmark, Finland & Sweden) is remarkably low with a 3% compliance before patient contact & 2% before clean/aseptic procedures. Study.

The NICU at the IWK Health Centre in Halifax may have set a record. They celebrate a year and a week without having a case of central line-associated bloodstream infection. News.

When is your cold most contagious? If you get to the office and notice your throat is a bit sore, it may be time to head home. Learn more in this Global News article. News.

U.S. teens are defying parents to get vaccines. Here are the rules in Canada. News

Health experts are warning that Canada could face a measles outbreaks because of the highly contagious nature of the disease & our own low vaccination rates. Canadians have become dangerously complacent about getting their children vaccinated. News.

Measles cases in Vancouver:

Health officials have confirmed a case of measles in the Vancouver area. News.

A second case of measles has been confirmed in Vancouver. The infected person is a minor and caught the disease locally, whereas the first case was acquired abroad. News.

Health officials confirm ‘several’ cases of measles at Vancouver schools. News.

Vancouver measles scare puts spotlight on low vaccination rates at many local schools. News

One day after Vancouver health officials warned of another case of measles, an online petition is urging mandatory vaccinations for all children in public schools. News.

Summary of Ebola and MERS Co-v Outbreaks:
Ebola: 16 more confirmed Ebola cases in DRC. Bring the outbreak total to 816 cases. Report.
MERS Co-V: Saudi Arabia recorded 10 more cases. Bring 2019 totals to at least 50 cases. Report.

Yellow fever in Brazil: In December & January there was 36 cases including 8 deaths Virus could spread across the country WHO said in areas with low population immunity. News.

Lassa fever: 1st case confirmed in Guinea. WHO weekly bulletin .

There is an ongoing Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria. Nigeria confirms 275 cases of Lassa fever & 19 of the 36 states are affected by this outbreak. Report.

A friendly competition lead to increase hand hygiene compliance significantly. Find more in this study. Study.

A recall has been added to the CFIA’s Food Recall Report. Reason for Recall: Clostridium botulinum. Products: Vivi and Tom Baby Food brand baby and toddler foods. Recalling Firm: Vivi and Tom Baby Food. Distribution: Ontario. Recall notice .

Flu vaccine. Vaccine effectiveness in US is 47% compared to the 72% effectiveness for the same vaccine in Canada. Find more here. News.

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Infection Control News: February 04-08, 2019Feb112019

Long-running Ebola outbreak is now an international health emergency, say experts. News

Lawmakers mull proposal to end religious exemptions for measles shots in New York State. News 

Ottawa’s new medical officer tables stay-the-course 2019 budget. News

Los Angeles is dealing with a deadly, flea-borne typhus outbreak. News

Over 109,000 people died from measles in 2017 — needlessly. News

The Democratic Republic of Congo confirmed one new Ebola infection in Katwa and reported 2 new deaths from Katwa and Butembo. Also 2 more infections were reported in healthcare workers, according to a weekly situation report from the World Health WHO. WHO Situation Report.

Saudi Arabia MH reported 3 more MERS-CoV cases, 2 of them linked to ongoing outbreak activity in Wadi ad-Dawasir. Over the past several days, 12 Middle MERS-CoV cases have been reported involving secondary healthcare & household related exposure. Report

Sweden reported a rare human influenza H1N2 infection, which appears to be a reassortant of the seasonal influenza A strains 2009 H1N1 and H3N2. The CDC said the health risk is likely similar to other seasonal flu viruses. Report

The WHO said flu activity has slowed slightly in North America, but picked up in Europe and North Africa. Report

A new research review found school HPV vaccinations programs led to a big drop in pre-cancerous cervical cells. Learn more in this video from Global news. Video

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Infection Control News: January 28-February 01, 2019Feb042019

Washington Declares Emergency For Measles Outbreak. News

Ebola patients stranded by violence in Democratic Republic of Congo. News  

Flu viruses resistant to new drug Xofluza uncovered in Japan. News  

From Africa to America, lack of public trust makes disease outbreaks worse. News  

Planet You: The mysterious world of the microbiome. CBC radio 

What Does This Ancient Skull From Tennessee Tell Archaeologists About The Evolution of Syphilis?  News

Opposing reactions in coenzyme A metabolism sensitize Mycobacterium tuberculosis to enzyme inhibition: Study

Mould causing housing crisis for First Nations across Canada. A community declaration listed mould, structural issues and a lack of funds for routine maintenance as the causes of health problems including invasive bacterial diseases and lung infections. News

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