Infection Control News: Aug 6-10, 2018Aug102018

In JIP: study evaluated the cost & value of multidisciplinary team to investigate C. difficile cases. Cost was evaluated to be between 42K$ – 84K$ over 2 yrs. Study concluded that those meeting bring limited value in additional learning/quality improvement. Study

Congo health officials link Ebola to 33 deaths. News

Inuk woman ‘begging and pleading’ for help fighting tuberculosis in Nunavut. News

1 in 7 children of Zika-infected moms in U.S. suffer birth defects or other health problems. News

China orders recall from overseas as vaccine scandal churns. News

The Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health uploaded information on their website. 30 new MERS-COv case were detected. 11 cases are from Najran and were detected in late May and early June. 9 cases were recorded in July. Info

Increase in Echovirus 30 in Europe. E30 is a virus that causes aseptic meningitis outbreaks. Outbreaks occur every 5-6 yr. The transmission route of current infections is unknown. However, they usually transmit through faecal-oral or oral-oral routes. Event

From CIDRAP: Hospital MERS outbreak threat. WHO said the epidemiology of the virus hasn’t changed, but concerns persist about ongoing hospital-related outbreaks. The virus is found in 4 countries: Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates and Malaysia. News

Flu activity in southern hemisphere: flu remained elevated in South America & started to decrease in Southern Africa. It remained below seasonal threshold in Australia and New Zealand. Activity appeared to decrease in some countries of tropical America. WHO flu report

Flu vaccine: A study used 17 yrs of data to determine that a close match occurs only 11% to 21% of the time, depending on the strain and vaccine. Study

From CBC: Winnipeg experiencing unparalleled spike in infectious syphilis rates. News

From Hamilton Spectator: What you need to know about hand foot, mouth disease. News

From Hamilton Spectator: West Nile virus ‘well established’ in Niagara. West Nile virus is a risk across the peninsula, not just in Pelham. News

In Should you refrain from drinking out of an aluminum can?

Bacteria and other germs are present on the rim of a can…but it should not refrain you to drink out of aluminium can. News

A new case of ceftriaxone-resistant gonorrhea has been found in Alberta. This is the 2nd reported case in Canada since 2017. The CGSTI recommend gentamicin IV or IM with azithromycin PO.
Clinical information about first case here. Recommended treatment here

1 in 7 children > 1 yrs that were born from women with confirmed or potential Zika infection during pregnancy were identified as having a birth defect, neurodevelopment abnormality, or both. Some of these issues were not noticeable at birth. Study

From a retrospective study (2008-2011). a relationship exist between colonization of the gut with ESBLE (extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae) and subsequent VAP related to ESBLE. Study

From International Journal of Epidemiology, a study from Manitoba has found no clinically significant association between early life antibiotics exposure & the risk of autism. Study

What is mathematical modelling and how it could help in preventing infection? Video

Management of chronic hepatitis C: 2018 guideline update from the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver. Guideline


Infection Control News: July 30-Aug 3, 2018Aug062018

No timeline to reopen 6 Metro Vancouver beaches closed due to E. coli levels. News  

Rare two-day protest over China vaccine scandal reveals public anger. News  

B.C. health officials issue warning to parents after China recalls vaccines. News

Child becomes first Manitoban infected with West Nile Virus in 2018. News.

After Ottawa, it is now London’s turn to have a mosquito found positive for West Nile virus. News.

How do local officials track West Nile virus among Mosquitoes? Video

Dengue fever outbreak halted by release of special mosquitoes. Insects unable to transmit viruses halted disease in Australian city – now scientists hope same technique could help tackle Zika and malaria. News

A new species of Ebola virus has been detected in bats in the north part of Sierra Leone. it is not known if the virus, named Bombali, can be transmitted to people. But lab tests suggest that it has the potential to enter human cells. News.

A Taiwanese study found that harboring multi drug resistant Gram- bacteria will significantly increases the risk for subsequent MDRGNB infection and mortality after hospitalization. Study.

Two studies led by McGill University Health Centre in Canada, one in adults and the other in children, have trialled a less toxic drug than the one in current use worldwide for latent TB and cut the treatment time from nine months to four. News

Active substance raises hopes of curing hepatitis E. News

Tackling the Antibiotic Resistance Caused by Class A β-Lactamases through the Use of β-Lactamase Inhibitory Protein. Journal

There are two dogs in the world trained to sniff out C. difficile — and both of them are in B.C. Find more about them in this article. News.

Hepatitis C drug Ganovo won a top clinical research award due to its successful performance in a phase 3 trial. News

CDC Vital Signs: Containment of Novel Multidrug-Resistant Organisms and Resistance Mechanisms — United States, 2006–2017. Article  

From ICHE in the July issue: Different Types of Heater-Cooler Units (HCU) and Their Risk of Transmission of Mycobacterium chimaera During Open-Heart Surgery: Clues From Device Design. Result: all infected patients were associated with a specific HCU. Study.

Paramedics and hospital staff at a Denver hospital in Colorado, were dressed head-to-toe in protective suits Sunday as a possible case of Ebola made its way to the hospital. See more in the video. News.

Simulation reveals that USA is NOT ready for severe pandemics. It was designed to pinpoint challenges in preparedness & current policies. 20 wks after the fake outbreaks, 150M people were dead worldwide, including 15M in US. News.  

700,000 deaths occur annually from infections by resistant bacteria. By 2050, projected rate could reach 10 M deaths/yr. From economic standpoint, AMR is devastating. The cost of lost global production between 2014 & 2050 is predicted to be 100 trillion. News.  

Congo announces 4 new cases of Ebola a week after outbreak in north declared over. News.


Infection Control News: July 23-27, 2018Jul302018

The man who invented modern infection control: He’s hailed as the “father of infection control” and the “savior of mothers,” but the truth about Ignaz Semmelweis is more complicated than that. Article

Global Survey of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Air. Journal

Fidaxomicin “better” option than vancomycin in many C. difficile cases. News.

Acrylic nails harbor more bacteria than natural nails, but little is known about the new and popular gel nail. Acrylic & natural nails may be more amenable to hand hygiene than gel polish. Gel nails may be more difficult to clean using alcohol hand gel. Study.

From The Spectator: Mosquitoes test positive for West Nile in Halton. News.

Rapid Expansion of Multidrug Resistant E Coli Clone ST1193 in the United States. News

New way to target flu virus: In a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a research team delves further into a glycoprotein complex it began to define in a 2014 paper. News

From GlobalNews video: Dr. Jim Kellner explain why some parents are choosing not to get their kids vaccinated and the possible consequences. News.

A woman likely spread Ebola a year after infection. It is suggest that pregnancy may have played a role in triggering the virus flare. News. See also: Study.

Varicella-zoster virus inhibits autophagosome-lysosome fusion and the degradation stage of mTOR-mediated autophagic flux. Journal

Public Health investigating outbreak of Salmonella infections linked to frozen chicken. News

How salmonella may have ended up in Honey Smacks cereal and Goldfish crackers News

From Toronto Star: DRC confirms end to Ebola virus outbreak. Over the course, the DRC recorded 54 cases, 33 of them fatal. Of the 54 cases, 38 were lab-confirmed and 16 were classified as probable. News.  See also CDC statement

Planning to visit Africa? Think ESBL colonization. Africa has become a popular  destination for international travellers, but data from 396 travellers showed that the highest colonization rates were seen in Egypt (70,6%), than Ghana and Tanzania. Study.

Are the educational videos on hand hygiene on Youtube helpful? Lim and al. conducted a search of the media. They screened 400 videos. 70 were retained and 39 were categorized as educationally useful. Miscommunication was observed in several videos. Study.  

Bats harbor a gene swiped from an ancient Ebola-like virus — here’s how they may use it. Study suggests that a gene encoding a viral protein has been carefully preserved in Myotis bats for millions of years. News  

CICs: CBIC has a social media “badge” you can add to your Facebook or LinkedIn profile.

The number of Cyclospora infections are increasing in Ontario and Ottawa regions.

Infection are characterized by frequent watery diarrhea, anorexia, fatigue, abdominal cramps, nausea and myalgia. Cyclospora infection is a reportable disease. Reportable disease.

In AJIC: Environmental considerations in the selection of isolation gowns. compared to the disposable gown system, the reusable one showed lots of environmental benefits like energy consumption, gas emissions, blue water consumption & waste generation. Study.

Hepatitis day is July 28. Find more about symptoms, causes, complications, tests, treatments, coping and prevention for hepatitis C on Clinical information.

CBC: Number of people unknowingly contracting hepatitis C on the rise. News.

Earlier this week we issued a warning regarding the presence of Salmonella in a Campbell Company of Canada product. USA today shows how salmonella is able to infiltrate in such products. News.

Eating uncooked pork can be dangerous. A 8 yr old girl suffered from severe headaches & epileptic seizures for months. More than 100 eggs of a parasite, most likely T. solium, have been found in her brain. Read how these eggs migrated there. News.

Yemen ‘on brink of new cholera epidemic’, charity warns. News

Positive results for West Nile Virus were found in Ottawa this season. This result comes relatively early, and may indicate an active season. Info on lab testing may be found at the PHO website. look under Laboratory: 1) Testing Information and 2) Labstract.

In CBC: Mutated strains of HIV circulating in Saskatchewan are leading to faster-developing AIDS-related illnesses in the Indigenous population. News.

Earlier this week, blamed on a pedicure, a woman almost lost her leg after infection: News | Infection control information


Infection Control News: July 16-20, 2018Jul232018

FDA updates warnings for fluoroquinolone antibiotics on risks of mental health and low blood sugar adverse reactions. FDA News Release

FDA approves first treatment for smallpox virus. News with video

Bacterial ‘armour’ could provide a target for new antibiotic drugs. News

“Crowdsourcing” friendly bacteria helps S.aureus cause infection. News

Why men might recover from flu faster than women. News

Study finds that patient with ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae had a higher risk for 30-day mortality than patients with ESBL-producing E. coli. News.

Horizontal gene transfer and antibiotic resistance: Article with video  

Contagion® Outbreak Monitor provides real-time updates to clinicians on outbreaks including Hepatitis A, Listeria, Mumps, Avian influenza, Cyclospora. News/Resource

Broadly acting antibodies found in plasma of Ebola survivors. News

People who underwent minor surgery at a west Ottawa medical clinic were at a higher risk of infection due to improperly cleaned medical equipment over the last 15 years, health officials say. News.

NCCID Disease Debriefs provide Canadian public health practitioners and clinicians with up-to-date reviews of essential information on prominent infectious diseases for Canadian public health practice. Follow this link to find more info on Lyme disease.  Clinical information.

From Canadian Paediatric Society: Fever in returning child travellers: Highlights for health care providers, including information, key resources to help clinical assessment, management and referral. Clinical information.

The CDC has redesigned its sepsis website to make it easier for patients, families, and healthcare professionals to find the life-saving resources they need to protect their loved ones and patients from sepsis.

Human Cytomegalovirus Protein UL31 Inhibits DNA Sensing of cGAS to Mediate Immune Evasion. Journal  

Scientists develop early warning system to predict dengue outbreak. News  

Phage “nucleus” blocks CRISPR: a rare DNA that Cas9 and Cas12 cannot cut in vivo. News

A rare outbreak of ‘rabbit fever’ popped up at a German winery. The surprising cause? Grapes. News

Procalcitonin-Guided Use of Antibiotics for Lower Respiratory Tract Infection. Journal

Novartis will no longer be working on antimicrobial projects. News

In Spain, an ICU outbreak caused by C. indologenes could be related to sinks. News.

Ottawa Public Health is investigating a cluster of cases of diarrhea, including bloody diarrhea, with culture of E coli O157. OPH is investigating a possible exposure to farm animals and/or food in a public setting in Ottawa. More info on VTEC

For more info about C. indologenes, an emergent organism resistant to many antibiotic, read this Clinical case report

Community-Acquired Pneumonia Journal

On Global News: Nova Scotia experiencing ‘significant increase’ in newly-diagnosed HIV cases. Normally in an entire year there is about 15 to 17 reports of HIV in NS,  that number has already been reached. News.

From The Region of Waterloo sees increase in reported Hepatitis A cases. There are normally 6 to 7 cases per year and the region has reached 19 cases since. Consumption of drugs including marijuana is a common risk factor. News.

In AJIC article in press: 10 different donning/doffing protocols by various health organization to protect from Ebola were tested. The CDC protocol is rating among the best for ease. Study detail also contamination and problems commonly reported by participants. Study.

Food Recall Report.Reason for Recall: Salmonella. Product: Europe’s Best brand Field Berry Mixes. Recalling Firm: Hain Celestial Canada, ULC. Distribution: National. Report.

According to a WHO report published on July 12th, the DR Congo reported 11 more suspected Ebola cases. To date, 38 patients were confirmed positve, 15 are probable and 29 died, resulting in a case-fatality rate close to 55%. Report.

Smallpox as bioweapon? FDA approves first treatment drug in response to fears. News

In UK: Ten years on since the start of the HPV vaccine program – what impact is it having? UK expects to see big reductions in cervical cancer in years to come. News