RI Guidelines Revision: Request for ReviewMar212018

PICNet’s Guidelines Steering Committee has been working on updating the 2011 Respiratory Infection Outbreak Guidelines for Healthcare Facilities. The draft revised guidelines are now ready for review by our Community of Practice. We ask that anyone who uses these guidelines, or thinks they will use them in the future, read the draft document and provide feedback via our feedback form.

Download the draft revised guidelines   Download the feedback form

 
The deadline to submit your comments is April 6, 2018.
Please submit your completed feedback form to Joanne Archer by email.
Thank you in advance for your help with this important resource! 

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Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (CARSS) 2017 ReportNov172017

The following message is from Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Systems, Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada

Dear CPHLN Members,

I am pleased to provide you with a copy of the Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (CARSS) – 2017 Report. The executive summary is now available on Canada.ca.

https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/publications/drugs-health-products/canadian-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-system-2017-report-executive-summary.html

This year’s report provides a snapshot of 2015 and 2016 antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and use (AMU) data from the different Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) surveillance systems and its national laboratory reference services. 

Although the overall level of AMR in Canada is similar or lower than rates reported by other developed countries, there are some areas of concern.  Upward trends were seen in the rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus blood stream infection (BSI) in pediatric hospitals and the rate of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus BSI in adults.   In addition, the rate of drug-resistant gonorrhea increased between the years 2014 and 2015.  There also remain significant data gaps that prevent our ability to provide a comprehensive picture of the current situation and emerging risks of AMR in Canada. Strengthening the surveillance of AMR and AMU in humans and animals is a priority for PHAC and the yearly CARSS Report serves to highlight the attained progress and future steps in addressing these gaps. 

I trust that you will find the CARSS- 2017 Report informative and useful. On behalf of PHAC and our many partners, I wish to express my thanks for the valuable contributions that you have made, and continue to make, toward improving our understanding of this significant threat to human and animal health.

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Antibiotic-related News Stories and Journal ArticlesNov102017

In the past month, there has been lots of news related to antibiotics, antimicrobial resistance, and the hunt for new developments to replace antibiotics. Here is a selection of news stories and journal articles you may find interesting:

What is a “phage wrangler”? The hunt for a bacteriophage to attack antibiotic-resistant Burkholderia cepacia. News

“Molecular pencil sharpener” releases antibiotic. News | Journal

Boosting antibiotic potency with light: intracellular light-activated quantum dots (QDs)  News Journal

Scientists discover new drug combination to tackle antimicrobial resistance. News | Journal

Uncovering bacterial cell wall secrets to combat antibiotic resistance. News

New antibiotic resistance genes found. News

Endogenous infection marker can help guide antibiotic use. News | Journal

‘Smart bandage’ developed in B.C. changes colour at first signs of infection. News | Journal

Scientists make significant breakthrough on road to new superbug-killing antibiotic teixobactin. News

Canadian researchers make progress in the search for alternatives to antibiotics for livestock . News

Electric field based dressing disrupts mixed-species bacterial biofilm infection and restores functional wound healing. News | Journal

Antibiotics given before low-risk operations do not seem to breed postoperative antibiotic resistance in surgical patients  News release | Journal

Anti-Candida activity of antimicrobial impregnated central venous catheters. Journal

Antibiotic therapy for Staphylococcal bloodstream infections: Doing the same with less. News

Antibiotic resistance: clear negative relationship between population density and mutation rate. News | Journal

Identification of 76 novel B1 metallo-β-lactamases through large-scale screening of genomic and metagenomic data. Journal

WHO urges farmers urged to stop antibiotic use in healthy animals. News

USDA chief scientist claims WHO animal antibiotic guideline disregards science. News

Europe is reducing antibiotic use in animals ahead of schedule. News

Antibiotic resistant gonorrhea spreading rapidly. News

Detection of tetracycline resistance genes, aminoglycoside modifying enzymes, and coagulase gene typing of S. aureus. Journal

Antimicrobial activity of carbon monoxide-releasing molecule [Mn(CO)3(tpa-κ3N)]Br versus multidrug-resistant isolates of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli and its synergy with colistin. Journal  

Study outlines ‘perfect storm’ that led to Colombia’s antibiotic resistance epidemic. Journal

Six ideas to fight the end of antibiotics: News

Canada Communicable Disease Report (CCDR): Antimicrobial resistance and One Health

 

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Antibiotic Awareness Week: ResourcesNov102017

Antibiotics Awareness Week is Nov 13-19, 2017, and below are many resources you can use:

The WHO has lots of great resources including posters, animated gifs, videos, articles, facts sheets, a quiz, and more… be sure to check out their great web page!

 

PHSA has several antibiotic-related videos on YouTube:

The National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCCID) has provided an extensive list of resources:

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